Diabetes Types

Know detailed information on diabetes, diabetes symptoms, signs, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes




Hyperglycemia is not the only danger in type 2 diabetes. As glucose levels build up in the bloodstream, the pancreas kicks out more and more insulin in an effort to bring them back down. Consistently high levels of circulating insulin is a condition known as hyperinsulinemia.


People with type 2 can also develop diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), but it is not as common as it is in type 1 diabetes, and generally only occurs as a result of a major physical stressor such as a heart attack.

Diagnosing Type 2 Diabetes

A blood plasma glucose test, either casual or fasting , is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes. A normal, nonfasting blood glucose reading is between 60 and 140 mg/dl. A casual plasma glucose reading of 200 mg/dl or higher, a fasting plasma glucose reading of 126 mg/ dl or higher, or an oral glucose tolerance test with a two hour postload value of 200 mg/ dl or higher are high readings that may indicate diabetes. For more on diagnosing diabetes.

Long term uncontrolled blood glucose levels can cause major damage to virtually every system in the body, head to toes. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of diabetes, it's crucial to visit a health care professional as soon as possible for evaluation. If a diagnosis is made, maintaining tight control of your blood glucose levels is the best way to avoid serious complications

E Fact

Maturity onset diabetes in the young (MODY) is a rare form of diabetes caused by a specific genetic defect of beta cell function. Although MODY is treated like type 2 diabetes, with diet, exercise, and occasionally oral medications, it is a distinctly different class of diabetes.